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'The Marxist Critique of Capitalist Science: A History in Three Movements?'
I want to understand, as a participant and observer, the history and
prospects of the Marxist critique of capitalist science.
This perspective - and the politics which it supported -- flourished briefly
but notably in Britain, France, and the US in the 1930s and 1940s, only to be
revived and transformed in the 1960s and 1970s. In both instances, socialist
critics drew on their personal, professional, and political experiences -
informed by the Marxisms of their day - to generate novel and challenging
accounts of the history, philosophy, and politics of science. However, neither
wave of Marxist commentary significantly informed the mainstream development of
science and technology studies (STS) in the second half of the twentieth
century. More importantly for these activists, their political movements utterly
collapsed in the 1950s and 1980s, respectively.
Walker, 'Fatal Inheritance: Mormon Eugenics'
This essay is a personal history of one woman's discovery of the
consequences of polygamous inbreeding for the health of the children
of such unions: inherited disorders, some of which are fatal. It is
as if the Mormons had studied classical eugenics and pursued the
opposite practices, leading to serious intensification of
deleterious traits. Assuming that the claims in Linda Walker's
account are as she reports them, this is occurring - as a recent trial has made clear - in spite of official opposition by the Church
of the Latter Day Saints and the legal authorities. It is a poignant
story. A church which sought to intensify its elite through the
marriage of close relatives has produced a eugenic nightmare,
something which, by her account, it appears to have sought to keep
from public attention by falsifying records.
Crossley, Review of The
Fontana History of the Human Sciences, by Roger Smith
Rosenhead, 'Complexity Theory and
Rosenhead provides a brief overview of the subject matter of
chaos and complexity theory, together with an outline of the ways in
which they have been applied to the field of management. An
exploration of the substantive conclusions for management drawn from
this theory is followed by an examination of the validity of basing
such conclusions on scientific findings from a remote disciplinary
Whittle, 'W. H. R.
RIVERS: A FOUNDING FATHER WORTH REMEMBERING'
This is a talk given to the Zangwill Club at the Department of
Experimental Psychology, University of Cambridge. It provides an
overview of the work and influence of W.H.R. Rivers, who has
recently come to public attention in the wake of the Regeneration
trilogy of novels by Pat Barker, one of which won the Booker Prize.
place of the 1898 Cambridge Anthropological Expedition to the Torres
Straits (CAETS) in the history of British social anthropology'
This lecture, introducing a conference on
anthropology and psychology to mark the centenary of the Torres
Straits expedition, seeks to place the work of the expedition's
anthropologists within the history of the British discipline. The
expedition symbolised a turn from Victorian armchair evolutionism to
20th century ethnography with its emphasis on intensive fieldwork.
The founders of modern British social anthropology, Malinowski and
Radcliffe-Brown, represented themselves as the authors of a
"functionalist revolution" with few, if any antecedents.
This has tended to obscure the intellectual contribution of W.H.R.
Rivers, hero of Pat Barker's recent trilogy of novels, who first
sought to maintain anthropology and psychology as separate
disciplines, but then attempted a reflexive synthesis shortly before
his premature death in 1922. The lecture suggests that British
social anthropology once provided an allegorical commentary on a
world organised by nation-states. If we wish to make sense of self
and society in the post-national phase of human history, the example
of the Torres Straits expedition and especially of Rivers deserves
our serious attention. comments welcome to Keith Hart<email@example.com>
Basic Colour Terms'
list of Barbara Saunders' publications |
In this paper a historiography of colour science and a re-reading
of Rivers and Lenneberg casts new light on Berlin & Kay’s Basic
Color Terms. Unacknowledged commitments are presented, as too,
are hints about links to a larger research programme, namely,
Evolutionary Psychology. Throughout I claim that Berlin and Kay
endow their ambitious project with an aura of strong prima facie evidence
by fiat of colour science. Colour science in the relevant sense is
not however an empirical but an a priori science, commitment
to which fatally compromises Berlin and Kay's claims.
Economy at Nature. The Ideological Background of Darwinian
'On Darwinian Discourse: Anthropologization of
Nature in the Naturalization of Man'
'Sociobiology Sanitized: The Evolutionary Psychology And Genic
Heyl, 'The Harvard "Pareto Circle"'
This essay offers a searching exposition of the ideological roots
of functionalism and systems thinking in American social science.
The use of scientistic anologies and deference to the
ultra-conservative writings of Vilfredo Pareto are shown to lie at
the base of the theories of this key group, including especially L.
J. Henderson, Crane Brinton and Talcott Parsons, working at Harvard
in the early decades of the twentieth century. It originally
appeared in Journal of the History of the Behavioural Sciences,
4 (No. 4): 316-34, 1968.
Young, 'A Place for Critique in the Mass Media'
Paper presented to programme in Science, Society and the Media',
University of the West of England, June 1995. It explores the
concept of critique and why it is so hard to do in the mass media,
Schaffer, 'Babbage's Intelligence'
In summer 1823 the new and controversial Astronomical Society of
London decided to award its gold medal to one of its own founder
members, the equally controversial Cambridge-trained mathematician
Charles Babbage. The award formed part of an energetic campaign to
launch the construction of a Difference Engine to calculate
navigational and astronomical tables.
The apotheosis of the intelligent machine was an integral part of
Babbage's ambitious programme. This programme has been used here to
illuminate the complex character of systematic vision in the
This article appears courtesy of the Hypermedia
Barbrook and Andy Cameron, 'The Californian Ideology'
There is an emerging global orthodoxy concerning the relation
between society, technology and politics. In this paper we are
calling this orthodoxy the Californian Ideology in honour of the
state where it originated. By naturalising and giving a
technological proof to a political philosophy, and therefore
foreclosing on alternative futures, the Californian ideologues are
able to assert that social and political debates about the future
have now become meaningless and - horror of horrors - unfashionable.
Under consideration for Science as Culture
This is an autobiographical essay by a philosopher in which he
reflects on his experiences as a graduate student in a department
where a dominant figure, Gustav Bergmann, an adherent of the Vienna
Circle, was in mortal combat with another philosopher, Everett Hall.
The author explores the intellectual and interpersonal atmospheres
and reflects psychoanalytically on the culture of graduate school in